Norsk

Valentin Urusov

2013

The Arthur Svensson International Prize for Trade Union Rights for 2013 is awarded to Russian trade union leader Valentin Urusov.

 

 

The committee`s citation:

Urusov spent several years in jail after leading a strike against dangerous working conditions and low pay in the diamond industry. Urusov was jailed on what were obviously fabricated accusations, and both the UN's International Labour Organisation (ILO) and Russian and international trade union organisations have been involved in
trying to get him released. Urusov has become an important symbol of the struggle
for workers' rights and freedom of association in Russia.

Valentin Urusov led the trade union Profsvoboda at Alrosa, the world's second largest diamond mining company, based in the northern Sakha province of Russia. In August 2008 a thousand workers, led by Urusov, held a hunger strike in protest of inhumane
working conditions and low pay. A week later, Urusov was arrested, driven out
to the taiga and beaten up. The police threatened to kill him and forced him to
sign a confession admitting possession of drugs. The police had brought one of
Alrosa's managers along as a witness, an example of how the company controls
the courts and the police in the republic.

Urusov was entenced to five years in jail based on the clearly false accusations of drug
possession. Russian and international trade union organisations and a number of
human rights organisations have been involved in trying to get him released,
and a formal complaint to ILO led to ILO's Committee on Freedom of Association
demanding Urusov's immediate acquittal in November 2012.

 Urusov was released in March this year after it became known he had been nominated for the Svensson prize. The rest of his sentence has been converted into a fine
demanding 15% of his income throughout the remainder of his sentence, and he is
not permitted to leave the country.

 The imprisonment and harassment of Urusov has become symbolic of the struggle of trade unions in Russia. The committee alludes to the fact that he has full support from all the Russian trade unions, and that he was nominated for the prize by a number of
trade union organisations throughout Europe. The international trade union
movement, led by the International Trade Union Confederation, has been highly
involved in his case.

The committee is concerned about the situation for workers' rights in Russia. Freedom of association and the right to strike have long been under pressure, and it may appear that conditions are deteriorating further under Putin's current regime. Thus, the prize is also being awarded in order to bring these conditions into focus, and in support of Russian workers.

C.CAWDU

2012

The Cambodian apparel worker's union fights a brave struggle for safe working conditions and a living wage.

THE PRIZE COMMITTEE'S STATEMENT

The 2012 Arthur Svensson International Prize for Trade Union Rights is awarded to Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers Democratic Union (C.CAWDU).

C.CAWDU is awarded the prize for their persistent grass root struggle and mass mobilization for better pay and working conditions in the Cambodian clothing industry.

Clothing is one of Cambodia's major export sectors. Informal supply-chain workers included, the industry counts 450.000 employees - most of them women. Among the clothing companies operating in Cambodia, we find international giants like H&M and GAP.

In Cambodia, union work is dangerous. The Cambodian law grants organizing and collective bargaining rights. However, there are numerous cases of harassment and violent attacks on union members; violations carried out by both employers and the state authorities. Several trade union leaders have been killed, and several times more sacked for union activity and joining strikes for decent working conditions.

Founded in 2000, C.CAWDU is already well established as a highly respected, independent trade union. C.CAWDU puts heavy emphasis on schooling its members and on mass mobilization. 95% of the almost 50.000 members are women. By means of protests and strikes joined by up to 200.000 workers, C.CAWDU has succeeded in pressuring the authorities to negotiate and increase the 61 USD minimum wage. As employers are resisting this claim, the struggle continues.

C.CAWDU's chosen strategy is collective bargaining, sector-wise. From the perspective of the Asian clothing industry, and also the Cambodian working life in general, this strategy is a unique feature. Thanks to the strategy of collective bargaining, the clothing industry has managed to secure a minimum wage. Even though it's low, the clothing industry is the only sector in Cambodia with a minimum wage. Relating to its collective efforts, the committee also notes that C.CAWDU took part in the establishment of the Cambodian main association CLC.

In 2012 the committee has chosen a grass- root organization to be awarded the Arthur Svensson Prize. By awarding C.CAWDU, we believe we can contribute to change, to making a difference for workers suffering under low wages and poor working conditions.

Show more informationShow less information

Shaher Sae´d

2011

Shaer Sae'd and the PGFTU fights for trade union rights in Palestine and that the Palestinian Self-Government administration shall understand their importance. They also work for Israel to stop the occupation of the Palestinian territories and the illegal settlements.

committee's statement:

Highlighting the political battle the candidate represents was an important factor in the choice of winner this year. Shaher Sae'd has shown outstanding leadership of the Palestinian trade union movement, while the political and financial framework has made this work especially difficult.

Continued focus on the Palestinians' struggle is important for the Norwegian trade union movement. For this reason, the Committee is of the opinion that an award for Shaher Sae'd and his work contributes to making this work visible at a time when the Palestinian struggle is easily forgotten.

The Palestinian people have fought against occupation, as well as an independent state for more than 60 years. Under the leadership of Shaher Sae'd, PGFTU has shown a will for dialogue and has refused to isolate any Palestinian groups, including Hamas. He has also been open to a dialogue and cooperation with Histadrut, the organisation of trade unions in Israel.

Sae'd has carried out his work at the risk of his own and his family's safety and has been imprisoned a number of times. Nevertheless, he has continued his work directed towards the Palestinian Self-Government administration to improve the rights of Palestinian workers. He is awarded the 2011 Arthur Svensson International Award for Union Rights for his work for the Palestinian trade union movement and the rights of Palestinian workers, his courage and not least for his ability to stand firm in this battle under extremely difficult political circumstances.

Show more informationShow less information

Wellington Chibebe

2010

As head of the ZCTU Chibebe has been repeatedly arrested, tortured and imprisoned because he has fought for trade union rights in Zimbabwe.

the committee's statement:

The award is an expression of deep respect for Chibebe's fearless commitment to labour rights and democracy in Zimbabwe. His untiring efforts have gotten him arrested, tortured and imprisoned several times. The jury considers Wellington Chibebe a symbol for the employee's global struggle for union rights, says Liv Undheim, chairman of the committee in 2010.

An ILO report presented in March 2010 confirmed that union representatives in Zimbabwe are still suffering persecution, harassment, arrest and torture.

The award is a recognition to the ZCTU as an organization to constantly be standing upright in the struggle for union rights in Zimbabwe. The price of half a million Norwegian kroner is important for ZCTUs further work for labour rights, says Liv Undheim.

Show more informationShow less information